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Original Research Papers

Some estimates of the Baltic deep-water transport through the Stolpe trench

Authors:

K. Borenäs ,

SMHI, Nya Varvet 31, SE-42671 Västra Frölunda, Sweden and Dept. of Oceanography, Earth Sciences Centre, Göteborg University, Box 460, SE-405 30 Göteborg, SE
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R. Hietala,

Finnish Institute of Marine Research, P.O. Box 33, FIN-00931 Helsinki, FI
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J. Laanearu,

Department of Mechanics, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, EE-19086 Tallinn, EE
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P. Lundberg

Departmentof Meteorology/Physical Oceanography, Stockholm University, SE-10691 Stockholm, SE
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Abstract

The subsurface flowof high-salinewater masses from the Bornholm Basin through the Stolpe Channel plays an important role for the renewal of the Baltic Central Basin deep waters. In order to determine whether rotating 1 1/2 -layer hydraulic theory is an appropriate tool for describing this process, maximal-transport estimates based on climatological data from the Bornholm and Gdansk Basins have been established. These were found to deviate considerably from observational realities, and hence similar hydraulic considerations were also applied to more-or-less synoptic field data from a Finnish field campaign carried through in the mid-1980s. Also in this case significant differences were found between calculated transport capacity and observations. Since it furthermorewas demonstrated that the characteristics of the observed cross-channel hydrographic structure could be explained using a frictional-balance model of the deep-water flow, it has been concluded that a hydraulic framework, although providing an upper bound of the transport, is of limited use when dealing with the Stolpe-Channel overflow. Although it cannot be excluded that the inflow is inviscid, but submaximal, it is more likely that the transport is governed by the combined effects of friction and wind forcing.

How to Cite: Borenäs, K., Hietala, R., Laanearu, J. and Lundberg, P., 2007. Some estimates of the Baltic deep-water transport through the Stolpe trench. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 59(2), pp.238–248. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2006.00221.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2007
 Accepted on 17 Nov 2006            Submitted on 4 Aug 2005

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