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Original Research Papers

Climatological properties of summertime extra-tropical storm tracks in the Northern Hemisphere

Authors:

Michel dos Santos Mesquita ,

Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, All¢¥egaten 70, N-5007 Bergen, NO; International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 930 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, US
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Nils Gunnar Kvamstø,

Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, All¢¥egaten 70, N-5007 Bergen; Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen, Allégaten 55, N-5007, NO
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Asgeir Sorteberg,

Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, University of Bergen, Allégaten 55, N-5007, NO
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David E. Atkinson

International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 930 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, US
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Abstract

This paper presents climatological properties of Northern Hemisphere summer extratropical storm tracks using data extracted from an existing, relative-vorticity-based storm database. This database was constructed using the NCEPNCAR ‘Reanalysis I’ data set from 1948 to 2002. Results contrasting summer and winter patterns for several storm parameters indicated general similarity at the largest scales, including the prominent track corridors of the middle latitude ocean regions and the mid-continental and east coast genesis zones. Variations between seasons generally consisted of differences in the strength and position of these major features. Several results underscored by this study are: summer storms have longer life-spans than their winter counterparts; the Atlantic track corridor in summer is more tightly confined over northern Europe, whereas in winter it is more diffuse; summertime Atlantic storms are found to be slightly weaker but more numerous than their Pacific counterparts; Pacific storm counts exhibit a large drop from winter to summer that is not observed in the Atlantic; and summer storms appear to be related to the summer NAM, PDO and NAO.

How to Cite: dos Santos Mesquita, M., Kvamstø, N.G., Sorteberg, A. and Atkinson, D.E., 2008. Climatological properties of summertime extra-tropical storm tracks in the Northern Hemisphere. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 60(3), pp.557–569. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2007.00305.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2008
 Accepted on 20 Dec 2007            Submitted on 26 Apr 2007

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