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Original Research Papers

Climate change impacts on hydrological processes in Norway based on two methods for transferring regional climate model results to meteorological station sites

Authors:

Stein Beldring ,

Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, PO Box 5091 Majorstua, 0301 Oslo, NO
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Torill Engen-Skaugen,

Norwegian Meteorological Institute, PO Box 43 Blindern, 0313 Oslo, NO
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Eirik J. Førland,

Norwegian Meteorological Institute, PO Box 43 Blindern, 0313 Oslo, NO
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Lars A. Roald

Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, PO Box 5091 Majorstua, 0301 Oslo, NO
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Abstract

Climate change impacts on hydrological processes in Norway have been estimated through combination of results from the IPCC SRES A2 and B2 emission scenarios, global climate models from the Hadley Centre and the Max-Planck Institute, and dynamical downscaling using the RegClim HIRHAM regional climate model. Temperature and precipitation simulations from the regional climate model were transferred to meteorological station sites using two different approaches, the delta change or perturbation method and an empirical adjustment procedure that reproduces observed monthly means and standard deviations for the control period. These climate scenarios were used for driving a spatially distributed version of the HBV hydrological model, yielding a set of simulations for the baseline period 1961– 1990 and projections of climate change impacts on hydrological processes for the period 2071–2100. A comparison between the two methods used for transferring regional climate model results to meteorological station sites is provided by comparing the results from the hydrological model for basins located in different parts of Norway. Projected changes in runoff are linked to changes in the snow regime. Snow cover will be more unstable and the snowmelt flood will occur earlier in the year. Increased rainfall leads to higher runoff in the autumn and winter.

How to Cite: Beldring, S., Engen-Skaugen, T., Førland, E.J. and Roald, L.A., 2008. Climate change impacts on hydrological processes in Norway based on two methods for transferring regional climate model results to meteorological station sites. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 60(3), pp.439–450. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2007.00306.x
  Published on 01 Jan 2008
 Accepted on 23 Nov 2007            Submitted on 20 Apr 2007

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