Buizza , R. , Tribbia , J. , Molteni , F. and Palmer , T. N . 1993 . Computation of optimal unstable structures for a numerical weather prediction model . Tellus 45A , 388 – 407 .
Haltiner , G. J. and Williams , R. T . 1980 . Numerical pre-diction and dynamic meteorology , 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp. 477 ( ISBN 0-471-05971-4 ).
Le Dimet , F. X. and Talagrand , O . 1986 . Variational algorithms for analysis and assimilation of meteorolo-gical observations: Theoretical aspects. Tellus 38A , 97 - 110 .
Nering , E. D . 1970 . Linear algebra and matrix theory , 2nd edition. New York. 352 pp.
Parrett , C. A. and Cullen , M. J. P . 1984 . Simulation of hydraulic jumps in the presence of rotation and moun-tains . Quart. J. R. Met. Soc . 110 , 147 – 165 .
Sirkes , Z. and Tziperman , E . 1997 . Finite difference of adjoint or adjoint of finite difference? Mon. Wea. Re v . 125 , 3373 – 3378 .
Zou , X. , Vandenberghe , F. , Pondeca , De, M. and Kuo , Y.-H . 1997 . Introduction to adjoint techniques and the mm5 adjoint modeling system . NCAR Technical note, 1997, NCAR/TN-435-STR, p p. 122.