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Reading: Kinetische Isotopentrennung bei der Verdampfung von Wasser


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Kinetische Isotopentrennung bei der Verdampfung von Wasser


Von Dieter Ehhalt ,

Physikalisches Institut, DE
About Von Dieter

Zur Zeit am National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

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Karl Knott

Physikalisches Institut, DE
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Water evaporating into air not saturated with water vapour shows a stronger enrichment of D and O-18 than could be ascribed to the simple equilibrium isotopic fractionation. Kinetic effects are responsible for the increase in isotopic fractionation between liquid and gaseous phase. The so-called kinetic fractionation factor is calculated by means of a simple model. Comparison with the experimentally obtained fractionation factors proves the assumption that the kinetic fractionation is produced by the different diffusion velocities of H2O-16, H2O-18 and HDO-16 in the surrounding turbulent air. The consequences of the kinetic separation for the evaporation of the oceans are briefly discussed. Those for the evaporation of a limited water reservoir in isotopic exchange with the water vapour of the air are more extensively investigated. In the latter case calculation and experiments show that during evaporation the D- and O-18-contents approach stationary values as the water mass decreases.

How to Cite: Ehhalt, V.D. and Knott, K., 2012. Kinetische Isotopentrennung bei der Verdampfung von Wasser. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 17(3), pp.389–397. DOI:
Published on 01 Jan 2012.
Peer Reviewed


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